Well Intervention Equipment
On oil wells and oil rigs, the flaring up of fire is not something strange. People who work on oil wells have learnt to expect fires which is fire fighting equipment being on hand is so important. Fire extinguishing equipment, placement and training of personnel is important. The success and life cycle of an oil well depends on control of operations, which in turn depends on the equipment to prevent, or stop disaster from happening. The equipment is important but you need to get the right type of equipment to deal with oil-fuelled fires: Here are some of the important equipment that any oil well rig should have (equipment also depends on the type of well, whether it be on-shore or off-shire as well as how big the well is)
There is always a need for the following equipment:
- The 5000-gpm-fire fighting pump with a 550 gal fuel tank
These pumps should be able to discharge 5,000 gallons of water per minute. The pump can reach a 475ft head
- The 2000 gallons per minute fire fighting pump
This is a dry-primed, automatic self-priming centrifugal pump with a two-stage high-pressure discharge. Godin pumps are regarded to be one of the best pumps in the market because they can discharge 1,900 gallons of water per minute reaching heads of up to 470 ft.
Fire fighting equipment would not be complete without a wagon to remove debris around a well-head, should the well blow out. A good wagon will be equipped jet cutter that is the main tool for dealing with any rubble.
- Jet Abrasive Cutters
When it comes to cutters a Dual Abrasive Cutter can be useful. It reduces the time it takes to keep a well fire under control when capping the line. Diverting or shutting down an oil-well blow-out reduces the overall cost.
There are smaller cutters available for small jobs. These also work well when there is limited access or the object that needs to be cut is very small. Most small jet abrasive cutters come with tools and attachments that need to be assembled before use.
Different oil rigs employ different well intervention strategies when there’s a need to extinguish or curb fires. Some fire fighters employ explosives, others drill relief wells to reduce the pressure in the main well and prevent catastrophic blowouts. Another method involves starving the fire of Oxygen. To do that, oil rig fire-fighters pump liquid nitrogen or water down the casing to reduce the supply of oxygen to the fire.
There are many ways to deal with an oil well fire. Sometimes it is not up to the equipment to quell raging oil fires but methods and experience.